About the census What is the census? Scotland's Census is the official count of every person and household in the country. What the census asks There are two types of question in the census questionnaire: household and individual. How the census helps Scotland Find out how people and organisations across Scotland have used census data. Publishing census information Find out how we publish data and statistics from Scotland's Census online. How government uses census data Find out why the government needs information from the census and how it puts it to use. How we choose census questions We spent a lot of time designing the census questions to get the right information.